Benelli chokes

Jul 10, 2024
Benelli chokes can be told apart by examining the markings on the choke tube. The notches or engravings on the side of the choke will indicate the constriction of the choke, with more notches typically indicating a tighter constriction. 1. What do the notches on a Benelli choke indicate?.

12 Gauge Black Diamond Turkey Choke Tube For Benelli Super Black Eagle II & Beretta A391Extreme. 105-0005 | Indian Creek. $84.99. Out of Stock. 20 Gauge Black Diamond Turkey Choke Tube For Benelli M2. 105-0015 | Indian Creek. $79.99. In Stock. 12 Gauge Extended Super Steel Choke For Crio Plus .715 Constriction.The Carlson's long beard ported 12 ga turkey choke tube (fits Beretta/Benelli mobile shotguns) is manufactured from 17-4 stainless steel and has been specifically designed to produce the best patterns When shooting Winchester's new long beard XR turkey loads.Benelli models that accept Beretta/Benelli Mobil Chokes: M1, M3, M4, Black Eagle I, Legacy, Montifeltro, Nova and Super Nova. Benelli models that accept Crio chokes: a few Super Sporting guns made between 2006/2007 (threads flush with muzzle). Benelli Models that accept Crio Plus chokes: all guns made from 2008 to present EXCEPT for M4, Nova ...See this chart for more choke sizes by diameter. On This Page. 1) How to tell what choke a shotgun is. 2) Look for writing on the side of the choke tube. 3) Lines or notches marked on the end of the choke. 4) Dots or round indentions. **Chokes With Stars**. 5) Measure the choke with calipers.Carlson’s Cremator choke works especially well with the Benelli Montefeltro for waterfowl. It can deliver consistent and dense patterns with steel shot. Carlson’s TSS is the choke to get for dense turkey patterns with TSS ammo beyond 50 yards. And for a long-range choke tube, Patternmaster Code Black can be effective at up to 60 yards.20 ga Extended Choke Tube Set. This Ported Extended choke tube set is produced for 20 gauge Crio System shotguns. This set comes with a Skeet 1 choke with a .620" diameter, a Skeet 2 choke with a .610" diameter, and a Modified choke with a .605" diameter. This set also comes with a Plano carry case. Extra-long choke tubes, with a more gradual constriction, coupled with the slick surface ...Carlson's Beretta/Benelli Mobil 12ga Extended Sporting Clays Choke Tubes. JoeBob dun saved you $10.00! Our Sporting Clays Choke Tubes are made from 17-4 stainless and precision machined to produce a choke tube that patterns better than standard choke tubes. These choke tubes feature a 25% larger parallel section in the choke thus throwing more ...28 GAUGE CHOKE TUBES. Beretta-Benelli Mobil 28ga; Benelli Crio-Crio Plus 28ga; Beretta Optima HP 28ga; Browning Invector Plus 28ga; Huglu 28GA.410 CHOKE Tubes. Beretta-Benelli Mobil 410ga; Short Invector (1.5″ Flush) Long Invector (1.9″ Flush) 10 GAUGE CHOKE TUBES. Browning Invector 10GA; CHOKE TUBE TYPES. Bismuth Bone Buster Choke Tubes ...The effective range of a turkey choke for a Benelli Nova can vary depending on the specific choke and ammunition used, but it typically ranges from 40 to 60 yards. Can I use a turkey choke for shooting clays with my Benelli Nova? Turkey chokes are not recommended for shooting clays, as they are specifically designed for dense patterns at longer ...Baikal/European American Arms: Interchanges with Carlson's standard Tru Choke style threads Benelli Mobil (Flush choke is 2" with threads at top): Interchanges with Beretta/Benelli Mobil style threads (SBE I, Nova & Super Nova, M-4, M-1, Legacy, Montefeltro made prior to 2007)Seamus O'Caiside. 8968 posts · Joined 2005. #3 · Jun 29, 2007. RWH24 said: Benelli Cordoba, Super Sport and Sport II: Uses Crio Choke, a small-bore version of the Optima, interchanges with Trulock's Crio style. When that quotation describes the Crio Choke as "a small-bore version of the Optima", what it means is the bore diameter that the ...Oct 18, 2022 ... On this one I will attempt to pattern my Benelli sbe 3. I will check the choke tube configuration to create the best pattern possible.This extended choke utilizes the BE.S.T. technology, a technological finishing that utilizes a coating that protects steel with a tough, impenetrable armor that stops rust and corrosion. This choke tube is the perfect upgrade to the standard chokes and works great for keeping your Benelli in top operating performance.Posted August 1, 2005. I really like anything from Carlson these days. They have put much work into figuring out the Benelli choke system. I bought 2 for my SBE II and paid $33.95 each net. www.carlsonschokes.com. I like Briley too, but they are getting pricey and I can test more chokes for less with Carlson. mudhen - CA.Midwest Gun WorksU3 is good out to 60 yards. U4 is good beyond 60 yards. Muller Chokes is not responsible for incorrect choke selection. If you are unsure what choke your barrel takes, please check with a reputable gunsmith. PLEASE NOTE: All Featherlite Choke Tubes are not to be used with any shot larger than #7. Also, Please do not use loads larger than 1 1/8 ...Gauge: 12-Gauge, 20-Gauge, 28-Gauge. Barrel Length: 28", 30". Chambered For: 2-3/4", 3". Stock Finish: Carbon Fiber. Receiver Finish: Nickel-Plated. Hand-Dominance: Right Handed. View Models. The sleek SuperSport shotgun is a speed gun suited for any clays course or shotgun competition. Benelli’s ultra-reliable Inertia Driven® System ...Choke Tubes 12 Gauge Compatible for Benelli Crio Plus Stainless Steel Sporting Clays Choke Tube Made in USA. 118. $5266. List: $56.95. FREE delivery Tue, Jan 30. Prime Try Before You Buy. Small Business. More Buying Choices. $44.99 (7 new offers)Choke Tube Type Cylinder. Finish: Nickel-Plated. Benelli Crio Extened Choke 12 Ga, Cylinder, Nickel-Plated. Benelli 83032. This Benelli Crio Extended choke tube feature a more gradual constriction in addition to a slick surface created by the cryogenic treatment. The Crio Extended choke tube improves patterns by as much as 13%.Free shipping. Free returns. GREAT PRICE. Carlson's 12 Ga Benelli Crio/Crio Plus Extended Choke Tube for SBE2 & M2 (67092) Brand New. 8 product ratings. $32.29. Top Rated Plus. Was: $37.99 15% off.HIGH PERFORMANCE: Carlson's Choke Tubes Carlson's TSS Turkey Compatible for Benelli Crio Plus 12 Gauge constricted at Turkey and measured at 0.650 diameter. LIFETIME WARRANTY: We back all of our choke tubes with our lifetime warranty so you can focus on busting clays and filling bag limits.Carlsons Choke Tubes 20 Gauge Compatible for Benelli Crio Plus [ Turkey | 0.568 Diameter ] Blued Steel | Long Beard Turkey Choke Tube | Made in USA 37. ... These choke tubes feature a 25% larger parallel section in the choke, thus throwing more consistent patterns than conventional choke tubes. Lead, Copper plated, Nickel Hevi-Shot, Bismuth ...Emergency airway puncture is the placement of a hollow needle into the airway through the skin of the throat. It is done to treat life-threatening choking. Emergency airway punctur...one shot hunterx. 79 posts · Joined 2011. #2 · Sep 13, 2012. I looked for almost a year for the old style H&K Benelli choke tubes with no luck finding any for sale. I finally had Briley make several for me at a cost of $65.00 per tube (flush tubes). It was worth it to me. I now have full, mod and IC choke tubes for my 21" Benelli barrel.HIGH PERFORMANCE: Carlson's Choke Tubes Carlson's TSS Turkey Compatible for Beretta Benelli Mobil 410 Gauge constricted at Turkey and measured at 0.385 diameter. LIFETIME WARRANTY: We back all of our choke tubes with our lifetime warranty so you can focus on busting clays and filling bag limits.What is the purpose of choke tubes for the Benelli M2? Choke tubes help control the spread of the shot, allowing for more accurate shooting at different distances. Can I purchase additional choke tubes for the Benelli M2? Yes, there are various aftermarket choke tubes available for the Benelli M2 to suit different shooting needs.Basically all the benelli chokes patterned 1 choke tighter by percentage than what they are labeled. That makes sense based on the bore diameter of .627 Email franchi and find out if the bore diamter for the affinity is also .627. If it is then you shuold get the berretta chokes. If they tell you it is something like .621 then you need the ...12 Gauge. 20 Gauge. 28 Gauge. Premium Benelli Briley Replacement Chokes for Factory Threaded Barrels which are manufactured to be the best in market with the highest quality shotgun, firearm, and rifle standards. Shop now for Benelli at Briley, A Legacy of Shooting Innovation.Benelli models that accept Beretta/Benelli Mobil Chokes: M1, M3, M4, Black Eagle I, Legacy, Montifeltro, Nova and Super Nova. Benelli models that accept Crio chokes: a few Super Sporting guns made between 2006/2007 (threads flush with muzzle). Benelli Models that accept Crio Plus chokes: all guns made from 2008 to present EXCEPT for M4, Nova ...The chokes that fit Benelli and Franchi shotguns are typically compatible with the Beretta/Benelli Mobil choke system. This means that chokes designed for this system, such as those labeled as compatible with Beretta or Benelli shotguns, should fit and work properly with these models. See 3,000+ New Gun Deals HERE. 1.Note: This is only a general guide for choke selection. In most hunting situations, target ranges will vary, and a improved modified (#2) or Modified (#3) are common choices for most hunting situations. Understanding Chokes: Our chokes come with a “notch” marking system. Look at the muzzle end of the choke and see how many notches it has.12 Gauge Black Diamond Turkey Choke Tube For Benelli Super Black Eagle II & Beretta A391Extreme. 105-0005 | Indian Creek. $84.99. Out of Stock. 20 Gauge Black Diamond Turkey Choke Tube For Benelli M2. 105-0015 | Indian Creek. $79.99. In Stock. 12 Gauge Extended Super Steel Choke For Crio Plus .715 Constriction.KVP Beretta Benelli Mobile Choke Tube. Rated 5.00 out of 5 based on 1 customer rating. $ 29.95. Experience precision and durability with KVP's Swiss Lathe-crafted Choke Tubes. Engineered from 17-4 stainless steel and enhanced with Black Nitride coating for optimal performance. Elevate your shooting game today.Benelli cryogenically treats barrels and choke tubes to increase pattern density. Find out more. Specifications. Find a Benelli Dealer. Item Number Stock Finish Receiver Finish Barrel Finish Gauge Barrel Length Grip ... A backbone of Benelli's upland and clay target shotgun line, the Montefeltro . Read More. ATTENTION: ...Getting great results with a Benelli Nova pump and HS Strut Undertaker .665 and .675 turkey chokes (only $19.99) shooting Winchester Supreme High Velocity 3 1/2" shells (2-oz. #5 shot). IMHO: The Rhino chokes at $99 and the $39 Primos Jelly Head chokes are probably a little better; budget minded shooters should give the Undertaker a hard look ...40. 5/1/2024 2:16 PM PT. Getty. Here's your tearjerker moment of the week -- Alfred Molina is talking about his dad, who didn't approve of him being an actor ... even …New Delhi CNN —. India’s capital choked on toxic fumes Tuesday, as a thick and pungent haze spread from a fire at a towering trash dump, the latest in a series of …Choke Tubes. Black Diamond Strike: The Black Diamond Strike is designed to knock turkeys right off their feet. Precision engineered to the industries tightest tolerances, this tube has been proven to kill many a bird. The Strike will accommodate all lead and hybrid heavy loads with shot sizes from #4 through #8. The Strike has been proven to ...Yes, Benelli chokes will fit into a Stoeger M3500 shotgun. The threads and dimensions of Benelli and Stoeger chokes are compatible, allowing for interchangeability between the two brands. Contents 1. Are Benelli and Stoeger chokes interchangeable? Yes, Benelli and Stoeger chokes are interchangeable due to their compatible threads and dimensions. 2.Apr 18, 2020 ... ... 162K views · 1:58. Go to channel · Remove stuck choke in Benelli shotgun. John•40K views · 2:21. Go to channel · Choke Demon – shot...Benelli models that accept Beretta/Benelli Mobil Chokes: M1, M3, M4, Black Eagle I, Legacy, Montifeltro, Nova and Super Nova. Benelli models that accept Crio chokes: a few Super Sporting guns made between 2006/2007 (threads flush with muzzle). Benelli Models that accept Crio Plus chokes: all guns made from 2008 to present EXCEPT for M4, Nova ...Crio 28ga. Flush Choke Tube. Whether you are on the hunt for small woodland game, shooting clays, or out in the cold hunting waterfowl, we have the crio choke you desire. These 28 Gauge Benelli Crio flush choke tubes have a stainless steel finish and are available in Cylinder, Improved Cylinder, Modified, Improved Modified and Full constriction.FIND YOUR CHOKE. Most choke tubes lack pattern consistency. That's why for 30 years, Comp-N-Choke has and continues to design and manufacture choke tubes that give you the performance, range, and pattern consistency you need to hit your target when it counts.Yes, Benelli and Stoeger choke tubes can be mixed and matched as they are interchangeable. 10. Will using a Benelli choke tube affect the performance of a Stoeger shotgun? Using a Benelli choke tube should not affect the performance of a Stoeger shotgun, as long as it is the correct constriction for the intended use.Carlson's Browning Invector Plus 12 Gauge Cremator Ported Choke Tubes. $69.99. (3) Patternmaster Code Black Goose 12 Gauge Choke Tubes. $99.99. (14) Carlson's Beretta/Benelli Mobil 12 Gauge Sporting Clay Choke Tubes. $49.99.CLUB Member Savings. Carlson's Benelli Crio+ Sporting Clay 12 Gauge Choke Tube. $59.99. CLUB Member Price Terms & Conditions. Purchase must be charged to your CLUB card issued by Capital One, N.A. Prices are subject to change and typographical, photographic, and/or descriptive errors are subject tocorrection.Benelli models that accept Beretta/Benelli Mobil Chokes: M1, M3, M4, Black Eagle I, Legacy, Montifeltro, Nova and Super Nova. Benelli models that accept Crio chokes: a few Super Sporting guns made between 2006/2007 (threads flush with muzzle). Benelli Models that accept Crio Plus chokes: all guns made from 2008 to present EXCEPT for M4, Nova ...This Full choke tube utilizes the BE.S.T. technological finish which protects steel with a tough, impenetrable armor that stops rust and corrosion. BE.S.T. ( Benelli Surface Treatment) is a new proprietary finishing technology developed by engineers and scientists at Benelli's manufacturing headquarters in Urbino Italy.Description: Standard 12ga. Special Purpose Extended Choke Tube. Whether you are on the hunt for small woodland game, shooting clays, or out in the cold hunting waterfowl, we have the standard choke you desire. These 12 Gauge standard extended choke tubes have a black finish, and are available in Pass, Decoy and Extra Full Turkey.Tight Wad Turkey Choke Tubes. Beretta/Benelli Mobil 12 gauge (.655 constriction) Beretta/Benelli Mobil 20 gauge (.570 constriction) Remington 12 gauge (.660 constriction) Read More. $23.99 - $26.99. View more. Specifically designed for the all new TSS loads that is taking over the turkey hunting industry, the TSS JellyHead™ allows hunters to ...28 GAUGE CHOKE TUBES. Beretta-Benelli Mobil 28ga; Benelli Crio-Crio Plus 28ga; Beretta Optima HP 28ga; Browning Invector Plus 28ga; Huglu 28GA.410 CHOKE Tubes. Beretta-Benelli Mobil 410ga; Short Invector (1.5″ Flush) Long Invector (1.9″ Flush) 10 GAUGE CHOKE TUBES. Browning Invector 10GA; CHOKE TUBE TYPES. Bismuth Bone Buster Choke Tubes ...CRIO+ (CRIO PLUS): 2” from gas skirt to top of thread plus a 3/4” smooth diameter above thread to top of muzzle for a total length of 2-3/4”. Threads in barrel start 3/4” down inside barrel. Bore diameter is .722. This is the most common choke that most Benelli’s take and all current produced guns EXCEPT for Nova & Super Nova which ...Yes, Benelli chokes are interchangeable with Stoeger shotguns. 2. Are Stoeger and Benelli chokes the same? While they may have some differences in design, the thread pattern is the same, allowing them to be used interchangeably. 3.Which Benelli choke for turkey? For turkey hunting with a Benelli shotgun, the best choke to use is typically a Full or Extra Full choke. These chokes provide a tighter pattern, offering better accuracy at longer distances for taking down a turkey. What is the best choke for waterfowl hunting with a Benelli shotgun?Ya can get the crio chokes from benelli ob their webpage!! Finally or just call Briley Manufacturing at 18003315718 Turkey tube only 45 bucks and it is the same as benelli OEM !! QuoteWhat Benelli choke to use for pheasant? When hunting pheasant with a Benelli shotgun, it is recommended to use a Modified choke to achieve the ideal balance of spread and distance for these fast-flying birds. FAQs 1. What is a Benelli choke? A Benelli choke is a removable constriction at the muzzle end of the barrel that controls the spread of ...Benelli Super Sport / Sport II 12g. Extended choke with slot-ported design for recoil reduction. Conical/parallel internal configuration. Easy to install and remove with your fingers. No special wrench or tool required. Fits 12g Sport II and Super Sport models. In order to get the correct choke you will need to know if your barrel is threaded ...Whether you are hunting for small woodland game or waterfowl or shooting clays, we have the perfect choke for your Ethos Sport. These 20 Gauge nickel plated steel extended Crio choke tubes are available in Cylinder, Improved Cylinder, Modified, Improved Modified and Full constriction. CODE. CONSTRICTION. 80285. Cylinder. 80284. Improved Cylinder.Carlson's Cremator choke works especially well with the Benelli Montefeltro for waterfowl. It can deliver consistent and dense patterns with steel shot. Carlson's TSS is the choke to get for dense turkey patterns with TSS ammo beyond 50 yards. And for a long-range choke tube, Patternmaster Code Black can be effective at up to 60 yards.The lightweight Nova 12-gauge model handles loads from light target to 3½-inch magnum, and the 20-gauge can shoot shells up to 3-inch magnum. Benelli's SuperNova adds the exclusive ComforTech® recoil-reduction system, which reduces felt recoil up to 48% without added weight. An enlarged trigger guard facilitates operation when wearing warm gloves. These additions make the SuperNova a ...Benelli Buckshot choke tubes with diameters between 0.690" and 0.670" tend to pattern 00 buckshot and other large lead pellets tighter at extreme ranges than standard chokes. Carlson's buckshot chokes , as well as Mojo's Predator , are specifically designed to withstand the tight tolerances of buckshot exiting a tight choke.Again, Benelli's ARGO system is much cleaner than most gas systems and requires less maintenance than most gas guns. However, setting a Benelli M2 beside a Benelli M4 and I'm betting the Benelli M4 chokes first. It's likely not going to choke until you are into the thousands of rounds, but it will eventually. M2 vs. M3 vs. M4Carlson’s choke tubes fit Benelli Vinci shotguns, and their Cremator lineup of chokes happens to work extremely well for ducks and geese. This choke is capable of putting over 80% of pellets in a 30-inch circle at 40 yards consistently with the right ammo. This is the perfect choke for open water situations or ducks over decoys.60008. T3. Rob Roberts Crio 12ga. Performance Shop Extended Choke Tube. These 12 Gauge choke tubes are made by Rob Roberts for the Benelli custom shop, and are machined from 17-4 PH stainless steel to above standard tolerances. The chokes will fit Benelli 12 Gauge shotguns that are threaded for Benelli Crio chokes, and feature laser engraved ...

Did you know?

That Our New Gold Ported Sporting Clays choke reduces recoil and at the same time reducing muzzle jump making follow up shots quick and easy. Manufactured from 17-04 stainless steel and precision machined to produce a choke that patterns better, with less recoil, than standard flush mount choke tubes. These chokes feature a 25% longer parallel section in the choke which allows for tighter, denser ...HIGH PERFORMANCE: Carlson's Choke Tubes Carlson's TSS Turkey Compatible for Benelli Crio Plus 12 Gauge constricted at Turkey and measured at 0.650 diameter. LIFETIME WARRANTY: We back all of our choke tubes with our lifetime warranty so you can focus on busting clays and filling bag limits.

How The notches on Benelli choke tubes indicate the level of constriction, with more notches meaning a tighter pattern and fewer notches meaning a more open pattern. 1. What are choke tubes used for? Choke tubes are used to alter the pattern and spread of shot when firing a shotgun. See 3,000+ New Gun Deals HERE. 2.Benelli M4 shotguns use the Mobil choke system. 1) Carlson’s Buckshot Choke Tube . The Benelli M4 works especially well with the Carlson’s Buckshot Choke. …Ya can get the crio chokes from benelli ob their webpage!! Finally or just call Briley Manufacturing at 18003315718 Turkey tube only 45 bucks and it is the same as benelli OEM !! QuoteCarlson's Tactical Breecher Choke Tubes are designed specifically for the tactical firearm and home defense. The choke tube is extended and features multiple ports, a series of rigid points as well as knurled rings around the body in order to facilitate faster insertion and removal from the barrel. The choke has a blue finish and is backed with ...Are choke tubes easy to install and change? Yes, most modern shotguns, including the Benelli M4, are designed for easy installation and swapping of choke tubes. What is the best choke for hunting waterfowl with the Benelli M4? A modified or full choke is commonly used for waterfowl hunting, providing a tighter shot pattern at longer ranges.

When Posted April 4, 2009. Novaking said: the full choke is to constricted for steel. Steel shot is harder than lead so it may blow the choke out of the barrel. Modified is fine for most game. If you want a full choke that shoots steel they are many aftermarket choke available. Thanks. Benelli models that accept Beretta/Benelli Mobil Chokes: M1, M3, M4, Black Eagle I, Legacy, Montifeltro, Nova and Super Nova. Benelli models that accept Crio chokes: a few Super Sporting guns made between 2006/2007 (threads flush with muzzle). Benelli Models that accept Crio Plus chokes: all guns made from 2008 to present EXCEPT for M4, Nova ... …

Reader Q&A - also see RECOMMENDED ARTICLES & FAQs. Benelli chokes. Possible cause: Not clear benelli chokes.

Other topics

grapple beam metroid dread

tag office south fulton

big meech mother Benelli 12ga Nickel-Plated IM Choke Tube 83029. $99.40. Benelli 12ga Nickel-Plated Modified Choke Tube 83030. $99.40. Benelli 20 Gauge Skeet 1 Crio Extended Stainless Steel Ported Choke Tube 83045P. $35.00. Benelli 20ga Choke Wrench 60593. $35.00. Benelli choke tube Asm/12/Int Chk/Cylinder/Bl/12. liveops nation okta com sign inunc hospitals manning drive chapel hill nc Mar 30, 2023 · Learn the choke size for Benelli shotguns using our handy chart. We cover the diameter, types, and popular chokes used by Benelli. Benelli chokes can be told apart by examining the markings on the choke tube. The notches or engravings on the side of the choke will indicate the constriction of the choke, with more notches typically indicating a tighter constriction. 1. What do the notches on a Benelli choke indicate? demon slayer burning ashes discordhow to open weed wacker headparx picks for today Benelli Shotgun Chokes: The Essential GuideInstagram: www.instagram.com/vptactical1Twitter: @VP_Tacticalemail: [email protected] and Welcome!!I've r...Buy Benelli USA Chokes & Wrenches online now at the official Benelli USA factory Gear Store. Purchase choke tubes and wrenches directly from the Benelli USA Gear store including Benelli standard choke tubes, Crio choke tubes & Crio Plus choke tubes and wrenches. ACCOUNT CONTACT MY CART. Home; Parts. Bolt Handles & Locks; stove error f1 e0 Types of Chokes for the Benelli M2. Ported vs. Non-ported chokes - Ported chokes have groves and holes that allow for pressure expansion and wad stripping technology to help create better patterns. These choke tubes can also help reduce recoil. Non-ported chokes are smoothed walled and can even be flush with the end of the barrel. dunkin donuts silver hill roadpickle barrel sandersvillemoney slang crossword Choke Tubes & Wrenches. Categories Filters Rifle Magazines; Stocks & Grips; Cases & Storage; Barrels; Bipods & Shooting Sticks; Camo Gun Covers; Choke Tubes & Wrenches ... Carlson's Benelli® Crio Plus 12 Gauge Cremator Non-Ported Choke Tube. $79.99. Compare. Carlson's Beretta® Benelli® Mobil Flush Mount Replacement Stainless Choke Tubes. $39.99.Pic B) Beretta Optima Plus/Benelli Crio Plus: Identified by measuring a flush mount choke tube. This choke system is 2-3/4" long & the threads begin 3/4" from the muzzle end of the choke. These two chokes have identical outside dimensions, however these chokes are based on two different bore diameters and should not be interchanged.